Li, J., Beghein, C., Wookey, J., Davis, P., Lognonné, P., Schimmel, M., Stutzmann, E., Golombek, M., Montagner, J.-P., & Banerdt, W. B. (2022). Evidence for crustal seismic anisotropy at the InSight lander site. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 593, 117654. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117654
We analyzed broadband and low-frequency events recorded on Mars and made the first detection of horizontally polarized shear wave reflections, which help constrain the crustal structure at NASA's InSight lander site. Coherent signals from five well-recorded marsquakes appear to be independent of the focal depth and are consistent with SH-wave reflections off the topmost crustal interface (8 ± 2 km). This phase confirms the existence of the ∼8 km interface in the crust and the large wave speed (or impedance) contrast across it. The range of acceptable parameters determined from the detected SH-wave reflections differs from the majority of the vertically polarized shear wave models resulting from a previous receiver function study, indicating that the velocity of the vertically polarized waves is larger than that of horizontally polarized waves. We propose that this inconsistency results from the presence of seismic anisotropy within the top crustal layer at the lander site. Modeling results show that dry- or liquid-filled cracks/fractures and igneous intrusions can reproduce the observed radial anisotropy.